For a judge or jury to declare a statement defamatory, several criteria must be met.
- Firstly, the statement must be false.
- Secondly, it must be communicated to another person.
- Thirdly, it must cause the victim harm. And fourthly, the defamer must have, at the very least, acted negligently (depending on the circumstances of the case).
Every case is different. Seek competent legal counsel to determine whether or not a statement is defamatory.